In 2003, CIOs will need to think of themselves as CAOs--chief accuracy officers.
Until Enron Corp. came along, most CIOs never thought of themselves as accountable for data accuracy, only for storing and transporting information around the corporation without losing or corrupting it. If the data entered into the system was wrong, well, the CIO could not be held responsible for that.
But the wall separating data transport from data accuracy is crumbling. Investors no longer trust the people entering the data, and Business Week predicts 250 companies will restate earnings this year, up from 50 in 1995.
As the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, Congress and investors push for more, better, faster financial reporting, CFOs and CEOs will increasingly look to the CIO as the steward of data accuracy. "CIOs won't just be data logistics providers anymore; they will have to guarantee accuracy and timely delivery," says Susan Dallas, research director for Stamford, Conn.-based Gartner Inc.
One way that CIOs can try to improve data accuracy will be to help ensure that people aren't entering bogus numbers from the start. There is precedent: Credit card companies use monitoring software that scans for unusually large or frequent charges and automatically posts a red flag. Companies will build similar systems to monitor for such suspicious events as an unusually high level of product returns, which could mean a manager is trying to inflate revenue by shipping things customers never ordered. And the software monitors will aim high. "We're going to see a shift away from just monitoring low-level transactions like time cards toward monitoring high-impact transactions like who has the authority to sign a $10,000 check and what they're writing it for," says Jack Heine, vice president and research director at Gartner.
"You'll never be able to stop people from doing bad things, but you can make it hard to hide the bad things," adds John Parkinson, chief technologist for the Americas at Paris-based Cap Gemini Ernst & Young.
But the monitoring systems can't monitor what isn't being entered into computers in the first place. Finance people routinely keep their numbers in Excel spreadsheets and crunch numbers manually, where no one can see what they're doing. CIOs need to make all financial information digital and store it in one place. That's going to take a lot of work. Companies have an average of 32 different financial systems for each US$1 billion in revenue, according to a study by Hackett Benchmarking, a division of consultancy Answerthink Inc.
Nevertheless, if companies don't respond with new systems to report data more quickly and accurately, investors and analysts may assume they have something to hide, given the current climate on Wall Street. "If there is an error in the reporting, it will be perceived as [financial shenanigans]," says Renee Lorton, senior vice president and general manager of PeopleSoft Financial Management Solutions in Pleasanton, Calif. "There is very little forgiveness out there right now."
Despite a down economy, CIOs may finally get the money they've been asking for to integrate and build a data warehouse for financial data. "You can bet your bottom dollar that companies' budgets are going to shift funds to what is a messy job, which is assuring end-to-end the accuracy of financial information," says Ken Harris, CIO of San Francisco-based retailer the Gap.
In fact, the forced march toward better financial reporting could be a blessing in disguise for CIOs having trouble funding integration. In that sense anyway, CIOs may start to see Andy Fastow as not such a bad guy after all.
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