They underscored the risks of connected devices in a hyperconnected world and the security implications of the Internet of Things.
In a statement, the security firm cited the results of the research of Roberto Martinez and Juan Andres Guerrero on how Google Glass and Samsung Galaxy Gear 2 could affect people’s privacy and security.
Google Glass and the Man-in-the-Middle (MiTM)
There are two ways to surf the Web from Google Glass; through Bluetooth pairing with a mobile device that shares its data network connection, or directly through wi-fi.
The latter gives the user more freedom since it does not require a separate mobile device in order to access the Internet.
However, according to Martinez, this functionality also means that the Glass is exposed to network vector attacks, particularly MiTM, where a communication between two systems can be intercepted.
This was discovered in an experiment conducted by Kaspersky Lab researchers after attaching the device to a monitored network and checking the data it transmitted.
The results of the captured data analysis showed that not all the traffic exchanged between the device and the hot spot was encrypted. In particular, it was possible to find out that the targeted user was looking for airlines, hotels and tourist destinations. In other words, it was possible to perform a profiling task through a simple form of surveillance.
“We admit that it is not a very damaging vulnerability, but even so, profiling via meta data from Web traffic exchange could become the first step of a more complex attack against the device’s owner,” said Martinez, who performed the investigation.
A tool for espionage
Dedicated apps for Galaxy Gear 2 are loaded onto the device with help of Gear Manager, a special app by Samsung designed to transmit an app from the smartphone to the smartwatch. As Guerrero discovered, when an app is installed on the smartwatch’s operating system, there is no notification shown on the watch display. This obviously makes targeted attacks involving silent app installation possible.
“At this time there is no evidence to suggest that wearables are currently being targeted by professional APT actors,” said Guerrero. “However there is a two-fold appeal presented by wearables that make them a likely future target if they are widely adopted by consumers. In future, the data collected by wearable devices is going to attract new players to the cyber-espionage scene.”
The spying potential of Galaxy Gear 2
When he examined his Samsung Galaxy Gear 2, Guerrero said the device is deliberately designed to make a loud noise and warn people nearby if it is being used to take a photo.
A deeper look into the software of Galaxy Gear 2 revealed that after rooting the device and using Samsung’s publicly available proprietary software tool ODIN, it is possible for Galaxy Gear 2 to silently take pictures using its embedded camera. This obviously opens the door to possible scenarios in which Galaxy Gear 2 could violate other people’s privacy, said Kaspersky Lab.
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