Executives at electronics and industrial giant, Toshiba, resigned on Tuesday after a committee reviewing its earnings said the company padded its operating profit by about ¥156 billion (US$1.25 billion) over six years to the end of 2014.
Leaders at the company, which makes everything from vacuum cleaners to nuclear power plant equipment, were part of a "systematic" effort to embellish the earnings, according to the report by the independent committee, which Toshiba commissioned in May. The sum includes about ¥4.4 billion of incorrect earnings discovered in an internal probe by Toshiba.
As the company announced his resignation, President Hisao Tanaka apologised to a packed news conference at Toshiba headquarters in Tokyo.
"I recognise there has been the most serious damage to our brand image in our 140-year history," said Tanaka, who is to be succeeded by Chairman Masashi Muromachi. "We take what the committee has pointed out very seriously, and it is I and others in management who bear responsibility."
Toshiba said former presidents Norio Sasaki and Atsutoshi Nishida would also step down from executive positions to take responsibility for the accounting irregularities.
The firm said it would correct its earnings reports in light of the findings by the outside panel, which was scheduled to hold its own briefing later on Tuesday.
"A corporate culture existed at Toshiba in which superiors' wishes could not be defied," states the report by the committee, which was led by a former Tokyo prosecutor.
It adds that the company president and subordinates "continuously implemented inappropriate accounting practices" to achieve top executives' earnings goals, which were dubbed "challenges."
The scandal is the biggest accounting fraud to rock corporate Japan in years and comes less than two months after Japan introduced new corporate governance rules to attract more foreign investment. The rules call for listed companies to have independent outside directors.
Camera maker Olympus was the focus of one of the biggest financial scandals in Japanese history after British CEO Michael Woodford revealed in 2011 that he was fired for questioning acquisitions and payments that totalled hundreds of millions of dollars. Three Olympus executives received suspended prison sentences in relation to the scandal in 2013.
Tim Hornyak covers Japan and emerging technologies for The IDG News Service. Follow Tim on Twitter at @robotopia.
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