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Father of the Mouse, Father of DSL among honorees
The Internet Society’s Class of 2014 includes the Father of the Mouse, the Father of DSL and more than 20 other “pioneers,” “innovators” and “global connectors.” Meet them in the following slides, which include descriptions from the Hall regarding the inductees accomplishments.
Pioneers Circle – Recognizing individuals who were instrumental in the early design and development of the Internet.
In 1963, Dr. Engelbart founded the Augmentation Research Center lab at SRI in Menlo Park, Calif., where he pioneered a system for “augmenting human intellect,” in which workers sitting at display workstations could collaborate on solutions to humanity’s problems through a vast online information space. He was the primary force behind the design and development of the multi-user oN-Line System (NLS), featuring original versions of human-computer interface elements including collaborative software, hypertext and precursors to the graphical user interface, such as the computer mouse” Engelbart died in July 2013.
Estrada founded CERFnet, one of the original regional IP networks, in 1988. CERFnet served the academic and commercial communities in California. As executive director, she took the initial National Science Foundation funding of $2.8 million and grew the network from 25 sites to hundreds of sites. CERFnet was a particularly visible network because of Estrada’s success in using a small amount of resources to achieve early commercial acceptance of the Internet… As an entrepreneur running Aldea Communications for over 20 years, Estrada continues to consult on Internet infrastructure and to investigate technologies and techniques needed to increase older-adult use of the Internet.”
Heart, working at Bolt Beranek and Newman (BBN) in 1968, led the small group of unusually talented BBN staff that bid on and won a contract to build Interface Message Processors (routers) for an expandable, four-node network. This work was being funded by the government’s Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). The contract was completed on time and on budget, and over the next several years BBN built, delivered, maintained, modified, and operated the growing ARPAnet, which became the true progenitor of today’s Internet.
As the first program director for networking at the US National Science Foundation (NSF, 1985-86), Dr. Jennings was responsible for the design and development of the NSFnet Program. Jennings developed a vision of an open network of networks – an Internet – designed to serve all of US research and higher education.
Rolf Nordhagen (posthumously)
Dr. Nordhagen had leading roles in the forming years of the Norwegian academic network UNINETT, and the Nordic university network NORDUnet. He is regarded as one of the founding parents of networking in these regions.
Recognizing individuals who made outstanding technological, commercial, or policy advances and helped to expand the Internet’s reach.
Dr. Perlman’s work has had a profound impact on how networks self-organize and move data. Her innovations enable today’s link state routing protocols to be robust, scalable, and easy to manage. The particular protocol she designed in the 1980s (IS-IS) continues to flourish for routing IP today. She designed the spanning tree algorithm that transformed Ethernet from the original limited-scalability, single-wire CSMA/CD, into a protocol that can handle large clouds. Later, she improved on spanning tree-based Ethernet by designing TRILL (TRansparent Interconnection of Lots of Links), which allows Ethernet to make optimal use of bandwidth.
While working on the INGRES Relational Database Management Project at the University of California at Berkeley, Allman created delivermail for the ARPAnet and sendmail, one of the first Mail Transfer Agents on the Internet. Both were distributed as part of the Berkeley Software Distribution. For many years, sendmail ran on most Internet mail servers, and it remains a major player. Allman was the first to make Internet addresses highly configurable by rewriting rule technology. With his Request For Comments email standardization work and practical implementations, he had a major influence on the email transport technology used today. He also created syslog, the de facto standard logging mechanism used in nearly all open systems and peripherals.
Bina co-created, with fellow Internet Hall of Famer Marc Andreessen, the first version of the Mosaic web browser in 1993. Mosaic, a user-friendly browser with integrated graphics that worked on a wide variety of computers, played a key role in popularizing the World Wide Web. Bina and Andreessen later co-founded the Netscape Communications Corp.
Dr. Brandenburg was a driving force behind some of today’s most innovative digital audio technology, notably the MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3, more commonly known as mp3; and the MPEG audio standards. A pioneer in digital audio coding, he has been awarded about 100 patents.
Dr. Cioffi is best known as “the father of DSL.” It was his research that made the digital subscriber line (DSL) practical, and it has led to more than 400 publications and more than 100 pending or issued patents, many of which are licensed. He designed the world’s first Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) and Very-high-speed Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL) modems. In 1991, Cioffi took a leave of absence from his job as a professor at Stanford University to found Amati Communications Corp. based on these DSL designs. There, he and his colleagues built the world’s first DSL modem. Cioffi later returned to Stanford, where he began researching Dynamic Spectrum Management (DSM). In 2003, Cioffi founded DSM company Adaptive Spectrum and Signal Alignment.
Professor Qian has been responsible for many major Internet-related projects in China. He led the team that completed the initial Internet connection from China to the U.S. in 1994. That same year, his team finished the construction of China’s top-level domain, .cn, and served as the technical and administrative contacts for that ccTLD. Qian currently serves as Chief Scientist at China’s Network Information Center (CNNIC), Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Dr. Vixie designed, implemented and deployed several Domain Name System (DNS) protocol extensions and applications that are used throughout the Internet today, including dynamic update, network reputation and BIND open-source software. He is the primary author and technical architect of BIND 8.
Recognizing individuals from around the world who have made significant contributions to the global growth and use of the Internet.
In 1991 Davies introduced Internet technology into the pan-European backbone, EuropaNet, which was originally planned as an X.25 network. He was director of the COSINE Project, a pan-European effort to encourage the adoption of Open Systems Interconnections (OSI) by developing a set of pilot OSI implementations as well as gateways to proprietary systems. Davies is now a development engineer for the European Future Internet Initiative.
Getschko, a key player on the team that established the first Internet connection to Brazil, has been a member of the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee (CGI.br) since its creation in 1995 and has served as administrative contact for the ccTLD .br since 1989. He played a critical role in the definition of the Brazilian Domain Name System tree and in defining the rules that govern the Brazilian registry.
Masaki Hirabaru (posthumously)
Dr. Hirabaru made crucial contributions to the deployment of the Internet’s resource management. He played key roles in the formation of both JNIC/JPNIC – the Japan Network Information Center -- and APNIC, the Asia Pacific Network Information Center. JNIC/JPNIC was a pioneer ccTLD registry and countrywide IP number registry.
Dr. Huizer was the first author of the first Request For Comments to document not only the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standards process but also the procedures of its Working Groups. He led the Internet Architecture Board's (IAB) landmark pronouncement on the use of cryptography in Internet protocols.
Huter is the director for the Network Startup Resource Center (NSRC) and a research associate at the University of Oregon. He has worked with network engineers, scientists, and Internet technology developers in more than 100 countries around the world to help build Internet infrastructure and establish partnerships in support of research and education networking.
Professor Induruwa pioneered academic and research networking and Internet deployment in Sri Lanka. He served as prime mover, Principal Investigator and Project Leader of the Lanka Experimental Academic & Research Network (LEARN), to provide data communications throughout the island in 1989.
Muthoni, an entrepreneur and computer scientist, is the CEO and founder of OPENWORLD, a software company she started at the age of 24. OPENWORLD is now a leading e-Government and Business Software Services firm in the Eastern Africa region.
After earning his master’s degree in education at the University of Nebraska at Kearney in 1992, Pun returned to his native village of Nangi, in the Myagdi district of Nepal, with a dream: to provide better educational opportunities for the children in the remote Himalayan foothills. He upgraded the village school and made it not only a source of education, but also the hub of community development projects. Pun founded the Nepal Wireless Networking Project in 2002 to build a local communication network using wireless technology to connect people in the Himalayan communities. His goal was to bring the Internet to the rural schools, to promote digital literacy and to improve the quality of education.
Dr. Ramani proposed an Indian Academic Network in 1983, and this contributed to the launch of the ERNET project, involving a number of institutions that created R&D teams in networking. As coordinator of the ERNET team at India’s National Center for Software Technology (NCST), he led the efforts to set up ERNET’s central mail switch and its international gateway, starting with a link to Amsterdam in 1987, using TCP over X.25. This was the first such international connection from India.
Roberts was the first president and CEO of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), serving from 1998 to 2001. He worked with its board members and volunteers around the globe to overcome the many challenges of privatizing the Internet's Domain Name System (DNS). Previously, as vice president at EDUCOM, a consortium of 600 universities and colleges, he was responsible for networking and telecommunications programs, including the development of public policy positions in information technology.
Dr. Segal enabled the Web’s development by coordinating TCP/IP’s adoption within the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) from 1984 to late 1988, when CERN changed its Internet policy. For CERN’s Internet developers, he was their first introduction to the IP stack and the Berkeley socket Application Programming Interface. He played an important role as an Internet promoter, spearheading the introduction of IP into a hostile Europe when it was not politically correct or career-friendly to do so there.
Douglas Van Houweling
Dr. Van Houweling was serving as chief information officer at the University of Michigan and chairman of the board of the MERIT Network, a statewide computing network in Michigan in 1987, when the National Science Foundation awarded MERIT the responsibility for the operation and management of the NSFnet national backbone. Van Houweling was also Chairman of the Board of Advanced Network and Services Corporation, a not-for-profit organization that enabled the transition of large-scale Internet capabilities from the higher education and research realm to commercial reality. From 1997 to 2010, he served as CEO of Internet2, the national research and education network for the United States.